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The Culliton Family History

Collected by
James Parnell Culliton

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CULLITON SPELLING VARIATIONS

The main spelling variations seem to be Culleton, Cullitan and Colloton. I have found about 25 variations in my families records alone. Most seem to be either spelling errors or what " an official" heard when asking a Culliton his/her name.

Here are some of the variations:
CALLIGAN, COLIGAN, COLITEN, COLITON, COLLATON, COLLENTON, COLLETON, COLLITON, COLTON,CULINGHAM,CULITAN, CULLATION,CULLATON,CULLENTON,CULLESTON, CULLIAGEN, CULIGAN, CULLIHAN, CULLITAN,CULLITUN, CULLYTON

I have the Application for Pension by Sarah widow of James. The documents have the following spelling for this one man; Colliton, Collerton, Culliton.
This does not include the " shift" to Calton, Colton, Culton etc that I am sure occurred. In the 1870's a Culliton was storekeeper at Fort Ticonderoga and another worked in a hardware store in the Bennington, VT area. Cannon balls kept going to the hardware store and brooms and mops to the fort because of the same names. Some one had to change. One of them became Colton. Told to me by Bill Colton of Solvay, NY in 1976. Bill is the great grandson of Mortimer Culliton and Anastasia O'Donnell both born Ireland.

WHERE IN IRELAND?

The information above lists Kilkenny, Wexford and Cavan as home of the Cullitons about 1100 AD. In the 1850's the English commissioned two surveys by a man named Griffeth. One was to make sure that all who worked the land paid tithe to the English Church, even though 90% of the people were Catholic. The second was to make sure all paid their taxes. These are known as Griffeths Evaluation and are the main records of the 1800's in Ireland. Most records were destroyed in the Troubles.

I have studied the church record from Counties Wexford, Killkenny and Cavan. For the most part the family Culliton lives in a parish that is on the water. Many on Wexford Bay, which has Co. Wexford to the east and Co Kilkenny and Waterford to the west. The river Slaney which flows along Cavan from Laois then into Wexford Bay. I have about 400 names from parish records. These are Baptism with parents and sponsors and marriage with wittiness names.

ENGLISH CULLYTONS?

I have found three references to English Cullitons.

DEVON CULLITONS

Thru the LDS, the Mormons, I have found a group of Cullitons in Devon, England.
The south of England is a narrow peninsula with Cornwall being the southern most county and then Devon. Devon faces both south east to the North Sea and north west to the Irish Sea.

These Culliton are found from about 1600 to about 1820. Spelling is either Culliton or Cullyton. They mostly live along the sea on the South East coast facing Normandy not facing the Atlantic and Ireland. I don't know what happened to these Cullitons. In the 1861 United Kingdom census only one Culliton is listed and in the 1881 none.

BARBADOS CULLITON

In the book REVOLUTIONARY EMPIRE, by Angus Calder, 1998 Pimlico Publishers , page 200 we find " In the 1650's the coastline between Chesapeake and Florida attracted Virginians. The prime mover in proposals for a new proprietorship was Sir John Colleton, a Royalist planter from Barbados who came home ( to England) after the restoration. In 1663 Charles granted the area to an 8 man consortium which included Colleton.." They founded a colony in South carolina.

HUDSON BAY CULLITON

Peter Culliton was one of the ones granted the charter for the Hudson Bay Company, still in business mainly in Canada. No further details are known. THE ROYAL CHARTER for incorporating 9 The Hudson's Bay Company, A.D. 1670. CHARLES THE SECOND By the grace of God King of England Scotland 12 France and Ireland defender of the faith &c 13 TO ALL to whome these presentes shall come greeting 14 WHEREAS Our Deare and entirely Beloved cousin Prince Rupert 15 Count Palatyne of the Rhyne Duke of Bavaria and Cumberland &c 16 Christopher Duke of Albemarle William Earle of Craven Henry Lord 17 Arlington Anthony Lord Ashley Sir John Robinson and Sir Robert 18 Vyner Knightes and Baronettes Sir Peter Colliton Baronett etc.

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